Structural timber frames are made up of various elements that come together to provide the skeleton for your home, extension, outbuilding or other timber framed space you are building. The truss is set out at regular intervals – the space between them is a bay – and with the top plate, tie beam and braces connected to the truss the structure becomes rigid, able to stay stable under forces.
The truss is the main part of the timber frame that can be seen as it spans across the space. Different types provide different styles so this article will help you review the different timber frame truss types to help you with this important choice.
We use almost 20 different types of trusses in our client’s timber framed buildings – here are some of the most popular choices.
Sling Brace Truss
The sling brace truss is one of our most popular truss styles. If you want a traditional feel with a lot of oak this is a classic style of truss. Image shows Willowplatt Barn with its impressive vaulted open-plan living area, which has had the collars on the sling brace removed to make the space a little less dense.
Queen Post Truss
The queen post truss is a well known and well used timber frame truss type. It’s neat and classic form is great if you’re not looking for a very elaborate style or don’t want too much timber in your frame. Image shows Gitcombe holiday barn where the modern interior blends well with the frame.
The cruck truss is recognisable as being the main way that medieval structures were built. It gives a grand and cathedral-like setting to a building. Images show Lamper Head (middle), an epic holiday home in Devon, and a cruck frame during erection for a client in Wiltshire (right).
Scissor Truss (also with steel tie)
A scissor truss provides a contemporary frame style to a space. Middle-left image shows Lakeland Farmhouse with a classic scissor brace. Some clients choose to reduce the amount of timber showing by going with a steel tie – here shown in West Yard Farm (middle-right image). We also built a boathouse with a scissor truss (right – shown during erection) which shows this style looks incredible for all types of buildings.
Mono Pitch Truss
What looks very simple in sketch form can look incredible in real life! The mono pitch truss works perfectly for this new build home on the shores of a loch in Scotland, and has been complimented well with its interior finish.
Portal Frame Truss
Similar to the mono pitch truss, the portal frame truss is a simple design and gives a clean, modern look to this striking home in Bedfordshire.
Steel Tie Truss with Donut or Fork Connector
A steel tie truss replaces a tie beam to give a more open space, and the use of steel can also provide a more contemporary look. Clients can choose the style of connector – a donut or three-pronged fork.
When it’s not possible to have two full storeys an interrupted tie frame is the perfect answer, allowing you to have a second storey with enough headspace. Images show a cosy bedroom with it’s interrupted tie frame in this Guernsey-based oak frame home, and a client’s bathroom fitting perfectly into the eaves and maximising the space with an interrupted tie frame.
Glazed Gable Truss
Allowing floor to ceiling glazing is high on many of our client’s wish lists, and this is achievable with a glazed gable truss. Image shows this client’s airy bedroom in their award-winning home in Cheshire.
Bowstring Truss and curves roof structures
This truss is appropriately named and provides a modern look in any space – first image shows curved roof beams in this client’s retirement home. The curved roof can also be designed with straight trusses such as with these – green oak cabin (middle) and Douglas fir farmhouse (right).
If you love the idea of building with a timber frame and you’d like to talk to us about timber frame truss types in your project please get in touch. We design, build and erect bespoke timber frames for all types of spaces including homes, extensions and outbuildings, as well as for large non-residential buildings also.